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E2 - Direct and indirect eutrophication effects including chlorophyll, water transparency, abundance of macrophytes, benthic species shift, phytoplankton species shift and oxygen

FieldDescriptionValidated Entry
[Table title]Name of monitoring programmeDirect and indirect eutrophication effects including chlorophyll, water transparency , abundance of macrophytes, benthic species shift, phytoplankton species shift and oxygen
[ProgrammeDescription]Description of the monitoring programme

Monitoring of direct and indirect eutrophication effects is carried out within OSPAR's Coordinated Environmental Monitoring Programme (CEMP) (Agreement 2016-01); component E-2. Eutrophication effects cover: Phytoplankton chlorophyll; Phytoplankton species composition; Macrophytes; Oxygen; Benthic communities. Monitoring of effects in problem and potential problem areas is mandatory as a requirement of the Eutrophication Monitoring Programme (OSPAR Agreement 2005-04). Monitoring of effects in non-problem areas is discretionary.

The OSPAR Eutrophication Monitoring Programme provides the basis for enabling Contracting Parties to assess and classify the eutrophication status of their maritime waters under the Common Procedure for the Identification of the Eutrophication Status of the OSPAR Maritime Area.
The monitoring and assessment procedures associated with the eutrophication monitoring programme incorporate a certain degree of flexibility:

  • In non-problem areas with regard to eutrophication the monitoring programme has the function of detecting changes in the eutrophication status or confirming the status of particular areas as non-problem areas. This should be done with respect to assessment parameters and their assessment levels related to the area-specific background concentrations defined in the Comprehensive Procedure. Monitoring effort should be to a limited number of parameters and a limited frequency of measurements, not neglecting spatial coverage.
  • In problem areas with regard to eutrophication the monitoring programme should focus on long-term trends in nutrient concentration and on a selection of related eutrophication effect parameters, taking into account corresponding long-term trends in nutrient inputs. A larger number of parameters and a higher sampling frequency should be considered than is the case for non-problem areas, so as to satisfy statistical requirements. The spatial coverage should also be more focused than for non-problem areas. Monitoring should continue until the non-problem area status is achieved.
  • Areas where assessment parameters have low confidence and the status with regard to eutrophication cannot be determined with sufficient certainty, either due to high variability, low monitoring effort or because these areas are close to the assessment levels, the requirements of problem areas should be applied until the status (non-problem or problem area) can be determined with at least moderate confidence. In areas where low confidence is based on low monitoring effort but reduced monitoring is appropriate due to the low risk of eutrophication, the requirements of problem areas will not be applied.

National monitoring programmes are designed to align with monitoring requirements for the EU WFD and the MSFD.

[OtherPoliciesConventions]Monitoring for other Union legislation or international agreements that contributes to the programme.OSP-CEMP
[Contracting Parties monitoring]

Which other countries are involved in practical implementation of this monitoring programme, and what is the degree of cooperation.

Cordinated data collection
[Contracting Parties supplying data] BE, DE, DK, ES, FR, IE, NL, NO, PT, SE, UK
[Contracting Parties with an "opt out"] FR
[Temporal scope]Start (and end) date of the programme.1995 - 9999
[Spatial scope]Spatial coverage of the programme according to the jurisdictional zones of marine waters.EEZ (or similar, e.g. Contiguous Zone, Fishing Zone, Ecological Protection Zone)
[Aggregation of Data]At which scale can the data from the sub-programme be aggregated for environmental assessments?Other: MSFD Sub-region or other sub-divisions
[MarineReportingUnit]Area(s) where the programme takes place.


[Monitoring Purpose]

Purpose of the programme aimed at collecting data and information.Environmental state and impacts
[MonitoringType]Type of monitoring (in-situ, remote sensing, etc.).In-situ sampling offshore,
In-situ sampling coastal,
Remote surveillance (buoys),
Remote satellite imagery,
Other - Ferrybox
[Indicator Metric]Feature(s) monitored (ecosystem components, pressures, activities).PresEnvEutrophi
[Elements]Element(s) monitored (e.g. species, habitats, contaminants).

Phytoplankton communities
Dissolved oxygen (O2)
Benthic habitats - opportunistic macroalgae
Benthic habitats - macrophyte communities
Benthic habitats - macrobenthic communities

[Element Monitored] Biological features – biological communities, phytoplankton, angiosperms, macroalgae and bottom fauna.
Physical and chemical features – oxygen.
[Parameter Measured]Parameter(s) monitored.


[Monitoring Guidelines/Monitoring Method in place]Guidelines/protocols describing the method for monitoring.


[MonitoringMethodOther]Guidelines/protocols describing the method for monitoring.Eutrophication Monitoring Programme (OSPAR Agreement 2005-04, updated 2013) OSPAR Joint Assessment and Monitoring Programme (JAMP) 2014–2023 (Agreement 2014-02) OSPAR JAMP guidelines ( JAMP Eutrophication Monitoring Guidelines: Chlorophyll a in Water (OSPAR Agreement 2012-11) JAMP Eutrophication Monitoring Guidelines: Phytoplankton Species Composition (OSPAR Agreement 2016-06) JAMP Eutrophication Monitoring Guidelines: Benthos (Agreement 2012-12) JAMP Eutrophication Monitoring Guideline: Oxygen (Agreement 2013-05)
[Quality Assurance Procedures in Place]In addition to a specified method, is there any additional Quality Assurance used?QUASIMEME, SGQAE, BEQUALM, ISO, CEN, national
[Quality Control]What type of Quality Control is used?Delayed
[Data submission Frequency (and deadline)]Frequency of the monitoringYearly
[Applicable MSFD GES Criteria]Indicator(s) to which the programme contributes.D5C2
[Data Depository]Link to where monitoring data can be accessed (Art. 19(3))
[Data Custodian] ICES Datacentre
[Assessment Guidelines]

[Assessment tools available]
[Nature of data] Processed
E2 - Direct and indirect eutrophication effects including chlorophyll, water transparency , abundance of macrophytes, benthic species shift, phytoplankton species shift and oxygen